Finding a needle in a haystack: Towards a psychologically-informed method for aviation security screening

Ormerod, T.C. and Dando, C.J. 2015. Finding a needle in a haystack: Towards a psychologically-informed method for aviation security screening. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 144 (1), p. 76–84. doi:10.1037/xge0000030

TitleFinding a needle in a haystack: Towards a psychologically-informed method for aviation security screening
TypeJournal article
AuthorsOrmerod, T.C. and Dando, C.J.
Abstract

Current aviation security systems identify behavioral indicators of deception to assess risks to flights, but they lack a strong psychological basis or empirical validation. We present a new method that tests the veracity of passenger accounts. In an in vivo double-blind randomized-control trial conducted in international airports, security agents detected 66% of deceptive passengers using the veracity test method compared with less than 5% using behavioral indicator recognition. As well as revealing advantages of veracity testing over behavioral indicator identification, the study provides the highest levels to date of deception detection in a realistic setting where the known base rate of deceptive individuals is low.

KeywordsDetecting deception
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Journal citation144 (1), p. 76–84
ISSN0096-3445
Year2015
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1037/xge0000030
Publication dates
PublishedFeb 2015

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