Drawing to remember: Supporting child witnesses and victims with Autistic Spectrum Disorder to give ‘Best Evidence’

Matison, M. L., Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T. C. 2015. Drawing to remember: Supporting child witnesses and victims with Autistic Spectrum Disorder to give ‘Best Evidence’. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 45 (6), pp. 1751-1765. doi:10.1007/s10803-014-2335-z

TitleDrawing to remember: Supporting child witnesses and victims with Autistic Spectrum Disorder to give ‘Best Evidence’
AuthorsMatison, M. L., Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T. C.
Abstract

Deficits in episodic free-recall memory performance have been reported in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet best practice dictates that child witness/victim interviews commence with a free-recall account. No ‘tools’ exist to support children with ASD to freely recall episodic information. Here, the efficacy of a novel retrieval technique, Sketch reinstatement of context (Sketch-RC), is compared with mental reinstatement of context and a no support control. Ninety children (45 with ASD; 45 matched typically developing) viewed a stimulus film, and were interviewed using one of the aforementioned techniques. The Sketch-RC technique was most effective, improving ASD participants’ remembering without a concomitant increase in intrusions. This procedure offers a population-appropriate method for supporting free recall in criminal justice settings.

KeywordsAutism Spectrum Disorder; Cognitive Interview; Eyewitnesses; Drawing
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Journal citation45 (6), pp. 1751-1765
ISSN0162-3257
Year2015
PublisherSpringer
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/s10803-014-2335-z
Publication dates
Published online13 Dec 2014
Published in print2015

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