Eyewitness Memory in Face-to-Face and Immersive Avatar-to-Avatar Contexts

Taylor, D.A. and Dando, C.J. 2018. Eyewitness Memory in Face-to-Face and Immersive Avatar-to-Avatar Contexts. Frontiers in Psychology. 9 (507).

TitleEyewitness Memory in Face-to-Face and Immersive Avatar-to-Avatar Contexts
AuthorsTaylor, D.A. and Dando, C.J.
Abstract

Technological advances offer possibilities for innovation in the way eyewitness testimony is elicited. Typically, this occurs face-to-face. We investigated whether a virtual environment, where interviewer and eyewitness communicate as avatars, might confer advantages by attenuating the social and situational demands of a face-to-face interview, releasing more cognitive resources for invoking episodic retrieval mode. In conditions of intentional encoding, eyewitnesses were interviewed 48 h later, either face-to-face or in a virtual environment (N = 38). Participants in the virtual environment significantly outperformed those interviewed face-to-face on all episodic performance measures – improved correct reporting reduced errors, and increased accuracy. Participants reported finding it easier to admit not remembering event information to the avatar, and finding the avatar easier to talk to. These novel findings, and our pattern of retrieval results indicates the potential of avatar-to-avatar communication in virtual environments, and provide impetus for further research investigating eyewitness cognition in contemporary retrieval contexts.

KeywordsEpisodic memory, eyewitness interview, virtual environment
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Journal citation9 (507)
ISSN1664-1078
Year2018
PublisherFrontiers
Publisher's versionfpsyg-09-00507.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00507
Publication dates
Published17 Apr 2018
LicenseCC BY 4.0

Related outputs

Health inequalities and health equity challenges for victims of modern slavery
Dando, C.J., Brierly, R., Saunders, K. and Mackenzie, J.-M. 2018. Health inequalities and health equity challenges for victims of modern slavery. Journal of Public Health.

One step forward and two steps back? The ‘20 Principles’ for questioning vulnerable witnesses and the lack of an evidence-based approach
Cooper, C., Dando, C.J., Ormerod T., Mattison, M., Marchant, R., Milne, R. and Bull, R. 2018. One step forward and two steps back? The ‘20 Principles’ for questioning vulnerable witnesses and the lack of an evidence-based approach. International Journal of Evidence and Proof. 22 (4), pp. 392-410.

Triage Decision-Making by Welfare Fraud Investigators
Walsh, D., Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T.C. 2018. Triage Decision-Making by Welfare Fraud Investigators. Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition. 7 (1), pp. 82-91.

No evidence against Sketch Reinstatement of Context, Verbal Labels or the use of Registered Intermediaries for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Response to Henry et al. (2017)
Dando, C.J., Ormerod, T. C., Cooper, T. C., Mattison, M., Merchant, R., Milne, R. and Bull, R. 2018. No evidence against Sketch Reinstatement of Context, Verbal Labels or the use of Registered Intermediaries for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Response to Henry et al. (2017). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 48 (7), pp. 2593-2596.

'Spontaneous' Visual Perspective-Taking Mediated by Attention Orienting that is Voluntary and not Reflexive
Gardner, M., Taylor, D.A., Hull, Z. and Edmonds, C.J. 2018. 'Spontaneous' Visual Perspective-Taking Mediated by Attention Orienting that is Voluntary and not Reflexive. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 71 (4), pp. 1020-1029.

Drawing the answers: Sketching to support free and probed recall by child witnesses and victims with autism spectrum disorder
Mattison, M., Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T.C. 2018. Drawing the answers: Sketching to support free and probed recall by child witnesses and victims with autism spectrum disorder. Autism . 22 (2), pp. 181-194.

Analysing decision logs to understand decision-making in serious crime investigations
Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T.C. 2017. Analysing decision logs to understand decision-making in serious crime investigations. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 59 (8), pp. 1188-1203.

Cognition in context: A comparison of eyewitness retrieval in face-to-face, remote avatar mediated, and asynchronous vocal smartphone interviews
Taylor, D.A. and Dando, C.J. 2017. Cognition in context: A comparison of eyewitness retrieval in face-to-face, remote avatar mediated, and asynchronous vocal smartphone interviews. International Investigative Interviewing Research Group Conference (iIIRG). Monterey, California 05 - 07 Jul 2017

Cognition in context: A comparison of eyewitness retrieval in face-to-face and remote avatar mediated interviews
Taylor, D.A. and Dando, C.J. 2017. Cognition in context: A comparison of eyewitness retrieval in face-to-face and remote avatar mediated interviews . EAPL. Brussels 29 - 31 May 2017

Interviewing Adult Witnesses and Victims
Dando, C.J., Geiselman, R. E., MacLeod, N. and Griffiths, A. 2016. Interviewing Adult Witnesses and Victims. in: Oxburgh, G., Myklebust, T. and Milne, R. (ed.) Communication in Investigative and Legal Contexts: Integrated Approaches from Forensic Psychology, Linguistics and Law Enforcement Chichester Wiley. pp. 79-107

Applied Cyberpsychology: Military and Defence Applications
Dando, C.J. and Tranter, C. 2016. Applied Cyberpsychology: Military and Defence Applications. in: Attrill, A. and Fullwood, C. (ed.) Applied Cyberpsychology. Practical Applications of Cyberpsychological Theory and Research Hampshire Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 197-216

Perceptions of Psychological Coercion and Human Trafficking in the West Midlands of England: Beginning to Know the Unknown
Dando, C. J., Walsh, D. and Brierley, R. 2016. Perceptions of Psychological Coercion and Human Trafficking in the West Midlands of England: Beginning to Know the Unknown. PLoS ONE. 11 (5), p. e0153263.

Empathy in the field: Towards a taxonomy of empathic communication in information gathering interviews with suspected sex offenders
Dando, C.J. and Oxburgh G.E. 2016. Empathy in the field: Towards a taxonomy of empathic communication in information gathering interviews with suspected sex offenders. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context. 8 (1), pp. 27-33.

An integrated psychology virtual research ethics committee
Boubert, L. and Taylor, D.A. 2016. An integrated psychology virtual research ethics committee. EDULEARN16. Barcelona 04 - 06 Jul 2016 IATED Academy.

Scent Trails: The challenge of Countering Terrorism Through Intelligent Surveillance
Sandham, A., Ormerod, T.C., Dando, C.J. and Menacere, T. 2015. Scent Trails: The challenge of Countering Terrorism Through Intelligent Surveillance. in: Stedmon, A. and Lawson, G. (ed.) Hostile Intent and Counter-Terrorism: Human Factors Theory and Application London Routledge. pp. 129-149

Drawing to remember: Supporting child witnesses and victims with Autistic Spectrum Disorder to give ‘Best Evidence’
Matison, M. L., Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T. C. 2015. Drawing to remember: Supporting child witnesses and victims with Autistic Spectrum Disorder to give ‘Best Evidence’. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 45 (6), pp. 1751-1765.

Finding a needle in a haystack: Towards a psychologically-informed method for aviation security screening
Ormerod, T.C. and Dando, C.J. 2015. Finding a needle in a haystack: Towards a psychologically-informed method for aviation security screening. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 144 (1), p. 76–84.

Intelligence Interviewing: Synthetic Environments, Cognition and Cognitive Styles.
Dando, C.J. and Tranter, C. L. 2015. Intelligence Interviewing: Synthetic Environments, Cognition and Cognitive Styles. Investigative Interviewing: Research and Practice. 7 (2), pp. 43-51.

The Breast Size Rating Scale: Development and psychometric evaluation
Swami, V., Cavelti, S., Taylor, D.A. and Tovee, M.J. 2015. The Breast Size Rating Scale: Development and psychometric evaluation. Body Image. 14, pp. 29-38.

Is the hijab protective? An investigation of body image and related constructs among British Muslim women
Swami, V., Miah, J., Noorani, N. and Taylor, D.A. 2014. Is the hijab protective? An investigation of body image and related constructs among British Muslim women. British Journal of Psychology. 105 (3), pp. 352-363.

Metalheads: the influence of personality and individual differences on preference for heavy metal
Swami, V., Malpass, F., Havard, D., Benford, K., Costescu, A., Sofitiki, A. and Taylor, D.A. 2013. Metalheads: the influence of personality and individual differences on preference for heavy metal. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. 7 (4), pp. 377-383.

Weight discrepancy and body appreciation among women in Poland and Britain
Taylor, D.A., Szpakowska, I. and Swami, V. 2013. Weight discrepancy and body appreciation among women in Poland and Britain. Body Image. 10 (4), pp. 628-631.

Social dominance orientation predicts drive for muscularity among British men
Swami, V., Neofytou, R.V., Jablonska, J., Thirlwell, H., Taylor, D.A. and McCreary, D.R. 2013. Social dominance orientation predicts drive for muscularity among British men. Body Image. 10 (4), pp. 653-656.

Detecting insider threats through language change
Taylor, P. J., Dando, C.J., Ormerod, T. C., Ball, L., Jenkins, M., Sandham, A. and Menacere, T. 2013. Detecting insider threats through language change. Law and Human Behavior. 37 (4), pp. 267-275..

Drawing to Remember: External Support of Older Adults’ Eyewitness Performance
Dando, C.J. 2013. Drawing to Remember: External Support of Older Adults’ Eyewitness Performance. PLoS ONE. 8 (7), pp. 1-8.

Featural and holistic processing in facial composite construction: the role of cognitive style and processing sets
Taylor, D.A. 2012. Featural and holistic processing in facial composite construction: the role of cognitive style and processing sets. PhD thesis University of Westminster School of Social Sciences, Humanities and Languages

Suicides by foreign national prisoners in England and Wales 2007: mental health and cultural issues
Borrill, J. and Taylor, D.A. 2009. Suicides by foreign national prisoners in England and Wales 2007: mental health and cultural issues. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 20 (6), pp. 886-905.

Review of suicides by foreign national prisoners
Borrill, J., Taylor, D.A. and Nooney, K. 2008. Review of suicides by foreign national prisoners. 12th European Symposium on Suicide & Suicidal Behaviour. Glasgow 27 - 30 Aug 2008

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/q4yw9/eyewitness-memory-in-face-to-face-and-immersive-avatar-to-avatar-contexts


Share this
Tweet
Email