Alternative forms of assessment - the oral tradition

Smith, C.L. and Mohammed, M. 2023. Alternative forms of assessment - the oral tradition. Westminster Learning and Teaching Symposium 2023: Better Than the Real Thing? Exploring Education Futures at the University of Westminster. University of Westminster 04 Sep 2023

TitleAlternative forms of assessment - the oral tradition
AuthorsSmith, C.L. and Mohammed, M.
TypeWorkshop item
Abstract

Authentic assessments: why group presentations are a good assessment in the age of AI.

Authentic assessments aim to reflect skills which are relevant to the workplace and the wider world. Oral presentation is one of the authentic assessments that can effectively test students’ knowledge and their understanding of a particular topic. We have designed a new group presentation assessment for a core biomedical science undergraduate module “Infection and Immunity” with almost 400 students, which has replaced a lengthy written report. We ask students to work in small groups (5-6 students per group) to research a particular topic and prepare an oral presentation then deliver it to their peers in a specific time. The rubric is designed to assess both the performance of the group (50%) as well as the performance of each student within the group (50%).

Although students may use ChatGPT artificial intelligence to research the topic and produce the presentation slides, following each group’s presentation we assess the knowledge and understanding of each student within the group by asking questions linked to their presentations and sources of information. Moreover, students get the opportunity to develop their teamwork skills as well as their presentation and communication skills.

The group presentation assessment is a summative assessment and weighs 50% of the overall module mark. Students are provided with all presentation assessment details in the module handbook before module starts. To ensure that students will enjoy working in groups and get positive experience, we ask them at the beginning of the semester, if they prefer to work with specific peers or if they prefer to be randomly assigned to groups and most students (63%) prefer working with specific peers, 24% prefer to be randomly assigned to groups while 14% would not mind either.

We provide timetabled tutorial sessions where group members meet each other face to face to discuss their presentation and most importantly, they get ‘immediate’ feedback on their work from their tutors (including two expert tutors per each tutorial session with maximum 10 groups). Students find the timetabled tutorial sessions very useful hence, it is hard for many of them to meet due to work, caring responsibilities, etc. At the end of each tutorial session, students are asked to complete group meeting minutes including what they have discussed/agreed and any other business. The meeting minutes will be signed by the tutor then group leader needs to upload it to group’s discussion board. There is a specific discussion board for each group and students are asked to also use the discussion board to communicate to the members of the group, exchange files, share articles, etc. The presentations are marked by two academic tutors and although many contact hours are required to mark presentations for this cohort, much less time for marking is required than the old style written reports and the students subsequently receive feedback more quickly.

To motivate students, we provide an award for the best group presentation (£15 Amazon voucher for each student within the winner group). On the presentation day, students evaluate the presentations and vote for best presentation group based on group members’ communication skills, the design of presentation slides and group’s answer to questions.

On the presentation day, students are asked to stay all day and breaks and refreshments are provided. It is like a conference day where students listen to each other’s presentations and contribute to the discussion/questions after the presentation, moreover, evaluating their peers’ presentations.

Conclusion:

We strongly believe that our new group presentation assessment will overcome the implications of AI on learning and academic integrity and it provides many benefits to students such as developing research skills, improving time management skills, enhancing communication skills and most

importantly, it improves students’ teamwork skills – all of which contribute to boosting students’ employability skills and prepare them for the future.

KeywordsAuthentic Assessment
Infection
Immunity
Group work
Team work
employability
presentations
Year2023
ConferenceWestminster Learning and Teaching Symposium 2023: Better Than the Real Thing? Exploring Education Futures at the University of Westminster
Publication dates
Published30 Aug 2023
File

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Inhibition of thiol isomerase activity diminishes endothelial activation of plasminogen, but not of protein C
Smith, C.L., Shah, C.M., Kamaludin, N. and Gordge, M.P. 2015. Inhibition of thiol isomerase activity diminishes endothelial activation of plasminogen, but not of protein C. Thrombosis Research. 135 (4), p. 748–753. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2015.01.034

The melanocortin system in the male reproductive axis
Dowejko, M.M., Smith, C.L., Getting, S.J., Le Tissier, P. and Murray, J.F. 2014. The melanocortin system in the male reproductive axis. Endocrine Abstracts. 34, p. P338. https://doi.org/10.1530/endoabs.34.P338

Melanocortin receptor expression in the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal system of WT and MC3 null mice
Dowejko, M.M., Smith, C.L., Getting, S.J., Le Tissier, P. and Murray, J.F. 2014. Melanocortin receptor expression in the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal system of WT and MC3 null mice. International Congress of Neuroendocrinology 2014. Sydney 17-20 August 2014

Melanocortin 3 receptors (MC3) exert anti-inflammatory effects in mouse testicular inflammation by reducing nitric oxide (NO) release from Leydig cells
Dowejko, M.M., Smith, C.L., Getting, S.J., Le Tissier, P. and Murray, J.F. 2014. Melanocortin 3 receptors (MC3) exert anti-inflammatory effects in mouse testicular inflammation by reducing nitric oxide (NO) release from Leydig cells. Society for Reproduction and Fertility Conference. EICC2, Edinburgh 1-2 September 2014

An investigation of the protective effect of alpha+-thalassaemia against severe Plasmodium falciparum amongst children in Kumasi, Ghana
Opoku-Okrah, C., Gordge, M.P., Kweku Nakua, E., Abgenyega, T., Parry, M., Robertson, C.E. and Smith, C.L. 2014. An investigation of the protective effect of alpha+-thalassaemia against severe Plasmodium falciparum amongst children in Kumasi, Ghana. International Journal of Laboratory Haematology. 36 (1), pp. 62-70. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijlh.12122

On - track: A Change Academy project investigating student attendance and engagement
Smith, C.L., Benson, N., Reilly, A.M., Allen, J., Clements, M.O., Shacklady, D., Davies, P., Bacquet, S. and Umeh, K. 2013. On - track: A Change Academy project investigating student attendance and engagement. 12th Annual Westminster Learning and Teaching Symposium. 04 Jul 2013

The role of cancer stem cells in osteosarcoma
Jenks, A., Smith, C.L., Patel, V. and Clements, M.O. 2013. The role of cancer stem cells in osteosarcoma. International society for stem cell research conference. Boston (Massachusetts, USA) June 12 – 15 2013

Melanocortin 3 receptor (MC3) activation effects on testicular testosterone and nitrite production in vitro
Dowejko, M.M., Smith, C.L., Getting, S.J., Le Tissier, P. and Murray, J.F. 2013. Melanocortin 3 receptor (MC3) activation effects on testicular testosterone and nitrite production in vitro. Society for Reproduction and Fertility (SRF) Annual Conference. Cambridge 11th July 2013

Recovery of DNA from coloured fabrics: a study into the effects of clothing dye contamination on the recovery and amplification of DNA
Bux, U., Mubarakku, S., Bennett-Cadette, C. and Smith, C.L. 2013. Recovery of DNA from coloured fabrics: a study into the effects of clothing dye contamination on the recovery and amplification of DNA. 9th National FORREST Conference 2013 (FORensic RESearch and Teaching). Anglia Ruskin University 25-26th June 2013

Aspirin-loaded P(3HO)/P(3HB) blend films: potential materials for biodegradable drug-eluting stents
Basnett, P., Ching, K.Y., Stolz, M., Knowles, J.C., Boccaccini, A.R., Smith, C.L., Locke, I.C. and Roy, I. 2013. Aspirin-loaded P(3HO)/P(3HB) blend films: potential materials for biodegradable drug-eluting stents. Bioinspired, Biomimetic and Nanobiomaterials. 2 (3), pp. 141-153. https://doi.org/10.1680/bbn.13.00009

Novel Poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate)/Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) blends for medical applications
Basnett, P., Ching, K.Y., Stolz, M., Knowles, J.C., Boccaccini, A.R., Smith, C.L., Locke, I.C., Keshavarz, T. and Roy, I. 2013. Novel Poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate)/Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) blends for medical applications. Reactive and Functional Polymers. 73 (10), pp. 1340-1348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2013.03.019

Expression of melanocortin 3 receptors (MC3) in the reproductive axes of both male and female mice
Dowejko, M.M., Smith, C.L., Getting, S.J., Le Tissier, P. and Murray, J.F. 2012. Expression of melanocortin 3 receptors (MC3) in the reproductive axes of both male and female mice. Society for Reproduction and Fertility. Edinburgh 9th - 11th July 2012

Alpha thalassaemia and the severity of Plasmodium falciparum infection in microcytic children from the Ashanti region of Ghana
Opoku-Okrah, C., Smith, C.L., Gordge, M.P., Parry, M., Robertson, C.E., Abgenyega, T. and Nakua, E. 2012. Alpha thalassaemia and the severity of Plasmodium falciparum infection in microcytic children from the Ashanti region of Ghana. British Society for Haematology 52nd meeting. Glasgow 16-18 April 2012

A comparison of novel NG, NG-disubstituted arginines on recombinant dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase-1 activity and nitrite production in RAW264.7 macrophages
Morfill, C., Rossiter, S. and Smith, C.L. 2012. A comparison of novel NG, NG-disubstituted arginines on recombinant dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase-1 activity and nitrite production in RAW264.7 macrophages. Proceedings of the British Pharmacological Society. 10 (4).

Novel biodegradable and biocompatible poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate)/bacterial cellulose composites
Basnett, P., Knowles, J.C., Pishbin, F., Smith, C.L., Keshavarz, T., Boccaccini, A.R. and Roy, I. 2012. Novel biodegradable and biocompatible poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate)/bacterial cellulose composites. Advanced Engineering Materials. 14 (6), pp. B330-B343. https://doi.org/10.1002/adem.201180076

Total pituitary hormone content in wild type and MC3 null male and female mice
Dowejko, M.M., Smith, C.L., Getting, S.J., Perretti, M., Le Tissier, P. and Murray, J.F. 2011. Total pituitary hormone content in wild type and MC3 null male and female mice. British Society for Neuroendocrinology. Cambridge 3rd - 5th July 2011

Comparison between the total pituitary hormone content in wild type and melanocortin 3 receptor (MC3) null male and female mice
Dowejko, M.M., Smith, C.L., Getting, S.J., Perretti, M., Le Tissier, P. and Murray, J.F. 2011. Comparison between the total pituitary hormone content in wild type and melanocortin 3 receptor (MC3) null male and female mice. Society for Reproduction and Fertility. Brighton 11th - 13th July 2011

Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA): bacterial cellulose composites for biomedical applications
Basnett, P., Smith, C.L., Boccaccini, A.R., Knowles, J.C., Keshavarz, T. and Roy, I. 2011. Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA): bacterial cellulose composites for biomedical applications. 24th European Conference on Biomaterials - Annual Conference of the European Society for Biomaterials. Dublin, Ireland Sept 2011

Activation of testicular melanocortin 3 receptors (MC3-R) inhibits LH-stimulated testosterone production
Akindele, K., Horanin, M.M., Getting, S.J., Smith, C.L. and Murray, J.F. 2010. Activation of testicular melanocortin 3 receptors (MC3-R) inhibits LH-stimulated testosterone production. Society for Endocrinology BES 2010. Manchester 15th - 18th March 2010

Testicular LH-stimulated testosterone production is inhibited by activation of melanocortin 3 receptors (MC3)
Akindele, K., Horanin, M.M., Getting, S.J., Smith, C.L. and Murray, J.F. 2010. Testicular LH-stimulated testosterone production is inhibited by activation of melanocortin 3 receptors (MC3). Society for Reproduction and Fertility. Sutton Bonnington 11th - 13th July 2010

Utilising mitochondrial DNA markers to identify insects for forensic applications: an investigation into how the preservation and storage of insect tissue can affect mtDNA yield
Thompson, A., Tinworth, L. and Smith, C.L. 2009. Utilising mitochondrial DNA markers to identify insects for forensic applications: an investigation into how the preservation and storage of insect tissue can affect mtDNA yield. in: Proceedings of the 5th National FORREST Conference 2009 (FORensic RESearch and Teaching), 30th June – 1st July 2009, Liverpool John Moores University Forensic Institute Research Network and The Higher Education Academy Physical Sciences Centre. pp. 45

Molecular characterization of the melanocortin 3 receptor in the testes of mice
Horanin, M.M., Akindele, K., Getting, S.J., Smith, C.L. and Murray, J.F. 2009. Molecular characterization of the melanocortin 3 receptor in the testes of mice. pA2 Online. From the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre London, Winter 2009 Meeting: Proceedings of the British Pharmacological Society. 7 (4). https://doi.org/http://www.pa2online.org/abstracts/Vol7Issue4abst089P.pdf

Melanocortin 3 receptor in the testes of mice
Yogarajah, S., Lynch, S., Smith, C.L., Getting, S.J., Perretti, M. and Murray, J.F. 2008. Melanocortin 3 receptor in the testes of mice. Society for Reproduction and Fertility. Edinburgh 29 Jun - 01 Jul 2008 pp. Abstract P80

Melanocortin 3 receptor in the testes of mice
Wotherspoon, G., Yogarajah, S., Lynch, S., Smith, C.L., Getting, S.J., Perretti, M. and Murray, J.F. 2008. Melanocortin 3 receptor in the testes of mice. pA2 Online. From the University of Brighton, Winter 2008 Meeting: Proceedings of the British Pharmacological Society. 6 (4), p. P008.

Asymmetric dimethylarginine negatively influences osteoblast differentiation in vitro
Stenbeck, G., Joseph, J., Getting, S.J. and Smith, C.L. 2008. Asymmetric dimethylarginine negatively influences osteoblast differentiation in vitro. pA2 Online. From the University of Brighton, Winter 2008 Meeting: Proceedings of the British Pharmacological Society. 6 (4), p. C041.

Ratio of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin to 7,8-dihydrobiopterin in endothelial cells determines glucose-elicited changes in NO vs. superoxide production by eNOS
Crabtree, M.J., Smith, C.L., Lam, G., Goligorsky, M.S. and Gross, S.S. 2008. Ratio of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin to 7,8-dihydrobiopterin in endothelial cells determines glucose-elicited changes in NO vs. superoxide production by eNOS. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 294 (4), pp. H1530-H1540. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00823.2007

C-reactive protein and asymmetric dimethylarginine: markers or mediators in cardiovascular disorders?
Smith, C.L. 2007. C-reactive protein and asymmetric dimethylarginine: markers or mediators in cardiovascular disorders? Current Pharmaceutical Design. 13 (16), pp. 1619-1629. https://doi.org/10.2174/138161207780831338

Disruption of methylarginine metabolism impairs vascular homeostasis
Leiper, J.M., Nandi, M., Torondel, B., Murray-Rust, J., Malaki, M., O'Hara, B., Rossiter, S., Anthony, S., Madhani, M., Selwood, D.L., Smith, C.L., Wojciak-Stothard, B., Rudiger, A., Stidwill, R., McDonald, N.Q. and Vallance, P. 2007. Disruption of methylarginine metabolism impairs vascular homeostasis. Nature Medicine. 13 (2), pp. 198-203. https://doi.org/10.1038/nm1543

Pathophysiological concentrations of ADMA alter human coronary artery endothelial cell gene expression: an insight into the pathophysiological significance of raised plasma ADMA levels
Smith, C.L., Anthony, S., Malaki, M., Hubank, M., Leiper, J.M. and Vallance, P. 2005. Pathophysiological concentrations of ADMA alter human coronary artery endothelial cell gene expression: an insight into the pathophysiological significance of raised plasma ADMA levels. in: Boger, R., Fleming, I. and Waltenberger, J. (ed.) Vascular Biology and Medicine: 3rd European Meeting, Hamburg, September 2005, abstracts Germany Karger.

Potential therapeutic benefit of novel DDAH inhibitors for the treatment of endotoxemia
Nandi, M., Rossiter, S., Torondel, B., Malaki, M., Smith, C.L., Stidwill, R., Leiper, J.M. and Vallance, P. 2005. Potential therapeutic benefit of novel DDAH inhibitors for the treatment of endotoxemia. in: Boger, R., Fleming, I. and Waltenberger, J. (ed.) Vascular Biology and Medicine: 3rd European Meeting, Hamburg, September 2005, abstracts Germany Karger.

Evidence of systemic and pulmonary endothelial dysfunction in the Dimethylarginine Dimethylaminohydrolase I (DDAH I+/-) heterozygous knockout mouse
Malaki, M., Nandi, M., Madhani, M., Gill, H., Smith, C.L., Leiper, J.M. and Vallance, P. 2005. Evidence of systemic and pulmonary endothelial dysfunction in the Dimethylarginine Dimethylaminohydrolase I (DDAH I+/-) heterozygous knockout mouse. in: Boger, R., Fleming, I. and Waltenberger, J. (ed.) Vascular Biology and Medicine: 3rd European Meeting, Hamburg, September 2005, abstracts Germany Karger.

Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase I (DDAH I) heterozygous knockout mice display a cardiovascular phenotype consisting of pulmonary and systemic endothelial dysfunction
Malaki, M., Nandi, M., Madhani, M., Gill, H., Smith, C.L., Leiper, J.M. and Vallance, P. 2005. Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase I (DDAH I) heterozygous knockout mice display a cardiovascular phenotype consisting of pulmonary and systemic endothelial dysfunction. British Pharmaceutical Society Summer Meeting. Cambridge, UK 06-08 Jul 2005

Cardiovascular tests: use & limits of biochemical markers - therapeutic measurements of ADMA involved in cardiovascular disorders
Smith, C.L. and Vallance, P. 2005. Cardiovascular tests: use & limits of biochemical markers - therapeutic measurements of ADMA involved in cardiovascular disorders. Current Pharmaceutical Design. 11 (17), pp. 2177-2185. https://doi.org/10.2174/1381612054367364

Selective substrate-based inhibitors of mammalian dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase
Rossiter, S., Smith, C.L., Malaki, M., Nandi, M., Gill, H., Leiper, J.M., Vallance, P. and Selwood, D.L. 2005. Selective substrate-based inhibitors of mammalian dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 48 (14), pp. 1670-1678. https://doi.org/10.1021/jm050187a

Effects of ADMA upon gene expression: an insight into the pathophysiological significance of raised plasma ADMA
Smith, C.L., Anthony, S., Hubank, M., Leiper, J.M. and Vallance, P. 2005. Effects of ADMA upon gene expression: an insight into the pathophysiological significance of raised plasma ADMA. PLoS Medicine. 2 (10), pp. 1031-1043. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0020264

Effects of low dose ADMA on gene expression in human coronary artery endothelial cells
Smith, C.L., Leiper, J.M. and Vallance, P. 2004. Effects of low dose ADMA on gene expression in human coronary artery endothelial cells. Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry. 11 (1), p. 59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.niox.2004.07.003

Restoration of nitric oxide production by N-hydroxy-L-arginine in endothelial cells with NO deficiency triggered by elevated glucose
Crabtree, M.J., Smith, C.L. and Gross, S.S. 2004. Restoration of nitric oxide production by N-hydroxy-L-arginine in endothelial cells with NO deficiency triggered by elevated glucose. Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry. 11 (1), p. 65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.niox.2004.07.003

Effects of low dose ADMA on gene expression in human coronary artery endothelial cells
Smith, C.L., Leiper, J.M. and Vallance, P. 2004. Effects of low dose ADMA on gene expression in human coronary artery endothelial cells. 3rd International Conference on the Biology, Chemistry and Therapeutic Applications of Nitric Oxide: 4th Anuual Scientific Meeting of the Nitric Oxide Society of Japan. Nara, Japan 24-28 May 2004

Restoration of nitric oxide production by N-hydroxyarginine in endothelial cells with NO deficiency triggered by elevated glucose
Crabtree, M.J., Smith, C.L. and Gross, S.S. 2004. Restoration of nitric oxide production by N-hydroxyarginine in endothelial cells with NO deficiency triggered by elevated glucose. 3rd International Conference on the Biology, Chemistry and Therapeutic Applications of Nitric Oxide: 4th Anuual Scientific Meeting of the Nitric Oxide Society of Japan. Nara, Japan 24-28 May 2004

Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase activity modulates ADMA levels, VEGF expression, and cell phenotype
Smith, C.L., Birdsey, G.M., Anthony, S., Arrigoni, F.I., Leiper, J.M. and Vallance, P. 2003. Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase activity modulates ADMA levels, VEGF expression, and cell phenotype. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 308 (4), pp. 984-989. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-291X(03)01507-9

The redox status of bound pterin cofactor determines whether eNOS produces NO or superoxide anion: [3H] - BH4 binding studies provide insights into vascular pathophysiology
Jones, C.L., Vasquez-Vivar, J., Kalyanaraman, B., Griscavage-Ennis, J.M., Gross, S.S. and Smith, C.L. 2002. The redox status of bound pterin cofactor determines whether eNOS produces NO or superoxide anion: [3H] - BH4 binding studies provide insights into vascular pathophysiology. in: Milstien, S., Kapatos, G., Levine, R.A. and Shane, B. (ed.) Chemistry and biology of pteridines and folates: proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Pteridines and Folates, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, M.D. Boston, USA Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 271-276

Activation and inactivation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase: characterization of Ca2+-dependent [125I]Calmodulin binding
Weissman, B.A., Jones, C.L., Liu, Q., Gross, S.S. and Smith, C.L. 2002. Activation and inactivation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase: characterization of Ca2+-dependent [125I]Calmodulin binding. European Journal of Pharmacology. 435 (1), pp. 9-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-2999(01)01560-6

Chapter 10: Tetrahydrobiopterin: An Essential Cofactor of Nitric Oxide Synthase with an Elusive Role
Smith, C.L. 2000. Chapter 10: Tetrahydrobiopterin: An Essential Cofactor of Nitric Oxide Synthase with an Elusive Role. in: Ignarro, L.J. (ed.) Nitric Oxide: Biology and Pathobiology Elsevier. pp. 167-185

Carbon monoxide induces vasodilation and nitric oxide release but suppresses endothelial NOS
Thorup, C., Jones, C.L., Gross, S.S., Moore, L.C. and Goligorsky, M.S. 1999. Carbon monoxide induces vasodilation and nitric oxide release but suppresses endothelial NOS. American journal of physiology. 277 (6), pp. F882-F889.

An autoinhibitory control element defines calcium-regulated isoforms of nitric oxide synthase
Salerno, J.C., Harris, D.E., Irizarry, K., Patel, B., Morales, A.J., Smith, S.M.E., Martasek, P., Roman, L.J., Masters, B.S.S., Jones, C.L., Weissman, B.A., Lane, P., Liu, Q., Gross, S.S. and Smith, C.L. 1997. An autoinhibitory control element defines calcium-regulated isoforms of nitric oxide synthase. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272 (47), pp. 29769-29777.

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