The Role of Fatty Acid Metabolism in Drug Tolerance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Gaspar Quinonez, C., Lee, J.J., Lim, J., Odell, M., Lawson, C.P., Anyogu, A., Raheem, S. and Eoh, H. 2022. The Role of Fatty Acid Metabolism in Drug Tolerance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. mBio. 13 (1), pp. e03559-21. https://doi.org/10.1128/mbio.03559-21

TitleThe Role of Fatty Acid Metabolism in Drug Tolerance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
TypeJournal article
AuthorsGaspar Quinonez, C., Lee, J.J., Lim, J., Odell, M., Lawson, C.P., Anyogu, A., Raheem, S. and Eoh, H.
Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis can cocatabolize a range of carbon sources. Fatty acids are among the carbons available inside the host’s macrophages. Here, we investigated the metabolic changes of the fatty acid-induced dormancy-like state of M. tuberculosis and its involvement in the acquisition of drug tolerance. We conducted metabolomics profiling using a phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK)-deficient M. tuberculosis strain in an acetate-induced dormancy-like state, highlighting an overaccumulation of methylcitrate cycle (MCC) intermediates that correlates with enhanced drug tolerance against isoniazid and bedaquiline. Further metabolomics analyses of two M. tuberculosis mutants, an ICL knockdown (KD) strain and PrpD knockout (KO) strain, each lacking an MCC enzyme—isocitrate lyase (ICL) and 2-methylcitrate dehydratase (PrpD), respectively—were conducted after treatment with antibiotics. The ICL KD strain, which lacks the last enzyme of the MCC, showed an overaccumulation of MCC intermediates and a high level of drug tolerance. The PrpD KO strain, however, failed to accumulate MCC intermediates as it lacks the second step of the MCC and showed only a minor level of drug tolerance compared to the ICL KD mutant and its parental strain (CDC1551). Notably, addition of authentic 2-methylisocitrate, an MCC intermediate, improved the M. tuberculosis drug tolerance against antibiotics even in glycerol medium. Furthermore, wild-type M. tuberculosis displayed levels of drug tolerance when cultured in acetate medium significantly greater than those in glycerol medium. Taken together, the fatty acid-induced dormancy-like state remodels the central carbon metabolism of M. tuberculosis that is functionally relevant to acquisition of M. tuberculosis drug tolerance.

JournalmBio
Journal citation13 (1), pp. e03559-21
ISSN2150-7511
Year2022
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1128/mbio.03559-21
PubMed ID35012349
Web address (URL)https://journals.asm.org/doi/epub/10.1128/mbio.03559-21
Publication dates
Published11 Jan 2022

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