Are retailers “bagging” the carrier bag levy in England? An exploratory enquiry

Jory, S.R., Benamraoui, A., Madichie, N.O., Ruiz-Alba, J. and Christodoulou, I. 2019. Are retailers “bagging” the carrier bag levy in England? An exploratory enquiry. Journal of Environmental Management. 233, pp. 845-853. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.003

TitleAre retailers “bagging” the carrier bag levy in England? An exploratory enquiry
TypeJournal article
AuthorsJory, S.R., Benamraoui, A., Madichie, N.O., Ruiz-Alba, J. and Christodoulou, I.
Abstract

This paper examines the business impact of the legislation in England requiring retailers to charge consumers for single-use carrier bags. The legislation impacts three key stakeholders – Government, retailers, and consumers. The primary focus of this study is, however, from the perspective of retailers and how this group of stakeholders may have benefitted from the charge. Retailers are using the collected revenues to promote their image in the marketplace and presenting themselves as corporate social responsible entities. For retailers, the charge provides an avenue for bolstering their carbon footprint as consumers are expected to reuse their plastic bags – i.e. the “bag for life” as they now have to pay for them. At the same time, the proceeds are helping some retailers to top up their coffers which to some extent implies that there is some misuse or abuse of the policy by retailers.

KeywordsSustainability; Carrier bag levy; Retailers; Business ethics; Corporate social responsibility
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Journal citation233, pp. 845-853
ISSN0301-4797
Year2019
PublisherElsevier
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.003
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.003
Publication dates
Published online09 Jan 2019
LicenseCC BY-NC-ND 4.0

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Ruiz-Alba, J., Vallespín, M. and Almenta, E. 2014. The CMGS (Case Method with Guest Speakers) Project: developing experienced learning in Sales Management Education. EMAC 2014. University of Valencia, (Spain) 03 - 06 Jun 2014

Sales education beyond the classroom: building participative learning experiences in Sales Management through the CMGS (Case Method with Guest Speakers)
Ruiz-Alba, J., Almenta, E. and Vallespín, M. 2014. Sales education beyond the classroom: building participative learning experiences in Sales Management through the CMGS (Case Method with Guest Speakers). Journal of Technology and Science Education. 4 (3), pp. 125-154. doi:10.3926/jotse.125

El voluntariado corporativo y sus efectos sobre la satisfaccion laboral y el compromiso en empresas familiares de Andalucia
Ruiz-Alba, J., Vallespín, M. and González-Porras, J 2014. El voluntariado corporativo y sus efectos sobre la satisfaccion laboral y el compromiso en empresas familiares de Andalucia. Revista de Empresa Familiar (Now: European Journal of Family Business). 4 (1), pp. 45-58.

Empirical analysis of the constituent factors of internal market orientation at Spanish hotels
Ruiz-Alba, J. and Vallespín, M. 2014. Empirical analysis of the constituent factors of internal market orientation at Spanish hotels. Tourism & Management Studies. 10 (Special Issue), pp. 151-157.

Farmanova Pharmaceutical distribution (Video case study)
Ruiz-Alba, J. and López Toro, A. 2014. Farmanova Pharmaceutical distribution (Video case study). Riuma Repositorium University of Málaga University of Málaga.

Internal Marketing Orientation: an empirical research in hotel sector
Ruiz-Alba, J., Bermúdez-González, G., Rodríguez-Molina, M.A. and Blanca, M.J. 2014. Internal Marketing Orientation: an empirical research in hotel sector. International Journal of Hospitality Management. 38, pp. 11-19. doi:10.1016/j.ijhm.2013.12.002

A History of the Algerian Banking Industry 1830-2010
Benamraoui, A. and Boukrami, E. 2014. A History of the Algerian Banking Industry 1830-2010. New York, USA Edwin Mellen Press.

Business Model Adaptation to a New Digital Culture
Pisano, P., Pironti, M., Rieple, A. and Christodoulou, I. 2014. Business Model Adaptation to a New Digital Culture. Bohemia, E., Rieple, A., Liedtka, J. and Cooper, R. (ed.) 19th DMI International Design Management Research Conference Design Management in an Era of Disruption. London 02 - 04 Sep 2014 DMI.

Strategic perspectives
Christodoulou, I. and Patel, Z. 2014. Strategic perspectives. London Wiley.

Stimulating learning about social entrepreneurship through income generation projects
Chang, J., Benamraoui, A. and Rieple, A. 2014. Stimulating learning about social entrepreneurship through income generation projects. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research. 20 (5), pp. 417-437. doi:10.1108/IJEBR-10-2012-0111

Learning-by-doing as an approach to teaching social entrepreneurship
Chang, J., Benamraoui, A. and Rieple, A. 2014. Learning-by-doing as an approach to teaching social entrepreneurship. Innovations in Education and Teaching International. 51 (5), pp. 459-471. doi:10.1080/14703297.2013.785251

A multi-country analysis of the 2007–2009 financial crisis: empirical results from discrete and continuous time models
Dontis-Charitos, P., Jory, S.R., Ngo, T.N. and Nowman, K.B. 2013. A multi-country analysis of the 2007–2009 financial crisis: empirical results from discrete and continuous time models. Applied Financial Economics. 23 (11), pp. 929-950. doi:10.1080/09603107.2013.778944

Internal marketing and organizational commitment
Ruiz-Alba, J. 2013. Internal marketing and organizational commitment. AEDEM Conference. Islantilla, Huelva, Spain 05 - 07 Jun 2013

Exploratory study of the factors with impact on internal marketing strategies in hotel sector
Ruiz-Alba, J. and Bermúdez, G. 2013. Exploratory study of the factors with impact on internal marketing strategies in hotel sector. XXIII Jornadas Hispanolusas de Gestion Cientifica. Málaga, Spain 07 - 09 Feb 2013

Proposal for inclusion of the Work Family Balance (WFB) Factor in the Internal Market Orientation Paradigm
Ruiz-Alba, J. 2013. Proposal for inclusion of the Work Family Balance (WFB) Factor in the Internal Market Orientation Paradigm. V Academic Conference of Work and Family. IESE Business School. Barcelona, Spain 01 - 03 Jul 2013

Internal market orientation and internal reputation as prerequisites for external reputation
Ruiz-Alba, J. 2013. Internal market orientation and internal reputation as prerequisites for external reputation. EBEN Research Conference. Measuring and valuing corporate reputation: being good and looking good. University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain 06 - 08 Jun 2013

Robert Adams: a case study
Ruiz-Alba, J. 2013. Robert Adams: a case study. Managing in a Global Economy XV International Conference. Eastern Academy of Management.. Seville, Spain 23 - 27 Jun 2013

Case study IESE Business School. "Olivia Baker"
Ruiz-Alba, J., Las Heras, M. and Chinchilla, N. 2013. Case study IESE Business School. "Olivia Baker". IESE Publishing.

El compromiso organizacional: un valor personal y empresarial en el marketing interno
Ruiz-Alba, J. 2013. El compromiso organizacional: un valor personal y empresarial en el marketing interno. Revista de Estudios Empresariales. Segunda época. 1 (2013), pp. 67-86.

Gamificacion con estrategia de marketing interno
Ruiz-Alba, J., Navarro, F. and Jiménez, S. 2013. Gamificacion con estrategia de marketing interno. Intangible Capital. 9 (4), pp. 1113-1144. doi:10.3926/ic.455

Strategic and organisational perspectives
Patel, Z. and Christodoulou, I. 2013. Strategic and organisational perspectives. McGraw Hill Education.

Re-setting the stepping stones: from personal learning to building a ‘learning organisation’. The case study of the strategic perspectives module: BKEY601 of WBS
Christodoulou, I. and Patel, Z. 2013. Re-setting the stepping stones: from personal learning to building a ‘learning organisation’. The case study of the strategic perspectives module: BKEY601 of WBS. 12th Annual Westminster Learning and Teaching Symposium. University of Westminster 4th July 2013

Re-setting the stepping stones: from personal learning to building a ‘learning organisation’. The case study of the strategic perspectives module: BKEY601 of WBS
Christodoulou, I. and Patel, Z. 2013. Re-setting the stepping stones: from personal learning to building a ‘learning organisation’. The case study of the strategic perspectives module: BKEY601 of WBS. 12th Annual Westminster Learning and Teaching Symposium. University of Westminster 4th July 2013

Re-setting the stepping stones: from personal learning to building a ‘learning organisation'. The case study of the strategic perspectives module: BKEY601 of WBS
Christodoulou, I. and Patel, Z. 2013. Re-setting the stepping stones: from personal learning to building a ‘learning organisation'. The case study of the strategic perspectives module: BKEY601 of WBS. Making technology work for us: the WBS "Blended Learning" day. University of Westminster 21st June 2013

Telecommuting in Schneider Electric Spain
Las Heras, M. and Ruiz-Alba, J. 2012. Telecommuting in Schneider Electric Spain. 25 EBEN Annual Conference. Work, Virtues and Flourishing. Better people, better organisations, better societies. IESE Business School, Barcelona, Spain 19 - 22 Sep 2012

Strategic and organisational perspectives
Christodoulou, I. and Patel, Z. 2012. Strategic and organisational perspectives. McGraw Hill Education.

Case study IESE Business School. "Michel Saint-Laurent"
Ruiz-Alba, J. and Chinchilla, N. 2011. Case study IESE Business School. "Michel Saint-Laurent". IESE Publishing.

The long-run performance of firms emerging from chapter 11 bankruptcy
Jory, S.R. and Madura, J. 2010. The long-run performance of firms emerging from chapter 11 bankruptcy. Applied Financial Economics. 20 (14), pp. 1145-1161. doi:10.1080/09603101003761895

The innovation dilemma of the Ghanaian textile industry
Madichie, N.O. and Saeed, A.T. 2010. The innovation dilemma of the Ghanaian textile industry. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management. 11 (2), pp. 228-238. doi:10.1504/IJEIM.2010.030070

Shanghai, Dubai, Mumbai or Goodbye?
Jory, S.R., Perry, M. and Hemphill, T. 2010. Shanghai, Dubai, Mumbai or Goodbye? Review of Economic and Business Studies. 4, pp. 103-124.

The wealth effects of investing in information technology: the case of Sarbanes-Oxley section 404 compliance
Jory, S.R., Peng, J. and Ford, C.O. 2010. The wealth effects of investing in information technology: the case of Sarbanes-Oxley section 404 compliance. Review of Accounting and Finance. 9 (3), pp. 285-305. doi:10.1108/14757701011068075

Causal relationships between financial markets: the case of Turkey
Benamraoui, A., Caglayan, E. and Yasgul, Y.S. 2010. Causal relationships between financial markets: the case of Turkey. Middle Eastern Finance and Economics. 6, pp. 41-49.

The real effect of the recent financial crisis on the UK housing price indicators
Benamraoui, A. 2010. The real effect of the recent financial crisis on the UK housing price indicators. International Journal of Arts and Sciences. 3 (13), pp. 255-266.

Acquisitions of bankrupt assets
Jory, S.R. and Madura, J. 2009. Acquisitions of bankrupt assets. Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance. 49 (3), pp. 748-759. doi:10.1016/j.qref.2008.12.001

Case study IESE Business School. "Ignacio Valente"
Ruiz-Alba, J., Las Heras, M. and Chinchilla, N. 2009. Case study IESE Business School. "Ignacio Valente".

Tequila effect
Jory, S.R. 2009. Tequila effect. in: Wankel, C. (ed.) Encyclopedia of business in today's world London Sage.

Lombard rate
Jory, S.R. 2009. Lombard rate. in: Wankel, C. (ed.) Encyclopedia of business in today's world London Sage.

Asian financial crisis
Jory, S.R. 2009. Asian financial crisis. in: Wankel, C. (ed.) Encyclopedia of business in today's world London Sage.

Takeovers of newly public targets
Akhigbe, A., Jory, S.R. and Madura, J. 2009. Takeovers of newly public targets. Applied Financial Economics. 19 (19), pp. 1523-1530. doi:10.1080/09603100802599555

An analysis of foreign banks financial performance in the UK
Benamraoui, A. 2008. An analysis of foreign banks financial performance in the UK. Global Business & Economics Anthology. II, pp. 42-53.

International evidence on the relationship between trading volume and serial correlation in stock returns
Jory, S.R. and Ngo, T.N. 2008. International evidence on the relationship between trading volume and serial correlation in stock returns. Global Journal of Finance and Banking Issues. 2 (2), pp. 1-13.

Analysis of the environment in Marketing
Ruiz-Alba, J. 2008. Analysis of the environment in Marketing. in: Garcia. D. (ed.) Manual of Marketing Madrid, Spain ESIC. pp. 63-105

An analysis of sovereign wealth funds' recent venture in developed capital markets
Jory, S.R., Perry, M. and Hemphill, T. 2008. An analysis of sovereign wealth funds' recent venture in developed capital markets. Management Online Review.

Cross-sectional variation in the long-run performance of capital-raising depositary receipts and their underlying stocks
Jory, S.R. and Ngo, T.N. 2008. Cross-sectional variation in the long-run performance of capital-raising depositary receipts and their underlying stocks. Global Business & Finance Review. 13 (1), pp. 1-13.

Equity offerings by firms that emerged from bankruptcy
Jory, S.R. 2008. Equity offerings by firms that emerged from bankruptcy. Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance and Business Ventures. 12 (2), pp. 1-22.

Islamic banking: the case of Algeria
Benamraoui, A. 2008. Islamic banking: the case of Algeria. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management. 1 (2), pp. 113-131. doi:10.1108/17538390810880973

Venture-capital funding: when and where?
Jory, S.R., Madura, J. and Susnjara, J. 2007. Venture-capital funding: when and where? Corporate Finance Review. 12 (1), pp. 24-27.

Methodological issues in researching ethnic entrepreneurship: African entrepreneurship in London
Nwankwo, S., Madichie, N.O. and Ekwulugo, F. 2005. Methodological issues in researching ethnic entrepreneurship: African entrepreneurship in London. International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education. 2 (4), pp. 483-500.

Understanding the rules of financial innovations
Benamraoui, A. 2005. Understanding the rules of financial innovations. in: Proceedings of the Financial Markets Asia Pacific 2005 Conference Sydney, Australia University of Western Sydney.

Financial liberalisation: lessons from the literature on transitional economies
Benamraoui, A. 2005. Financial liberalisation: lessons from the literature on transitional economies. Third Conference on Accounting Finance in Transition. London, UK 13-16 Jul 2005

The effects of financial innovations and the Internet on the banking industry
Benamraoui, A. 2004. The effects of financial innovations and the Internet on the banking industry. London, UK European Business School. doi:Occasional&WorkingPaperSeriesno1

The effects of the Internet and financial innovation on the banking industry
Benamraoui, A. 2004. The effects of the Internet and financial innovation on the banking industry. Second Conference on Accounting Finance in Transition. Kavala, Greece 09-11 Jul 2004

Interest versus non-interest banking model
Benamraoui, A. 2004. Interest versus non-interest banking model. in: Sevic, Z. (ed.) Accounting and finance in transition London, UK Greenwich University Press.

Interest versus non-interest banking model
Benamraoui, A. 2003. Interest versus non-interest banking model. First Greenwich International West-East Conference "Accounting and Finance in Transition: European and Asian Experience and Public Policy Consideration". London, UK 10-12 Jul 2003

Developing countries and the challenge of globalisation of financial services
Benamraoui, A. 2002. Developing countries and the challenge of globalisation of financial services. in: Review of the International Institute of Labour and Social Sciences Minsk, Belarus UNKNOWN. pp. 458-472

Banking in transition, evidence from Algeria
Benamraoui, A. 2002. Banking in transition, evidence from Algeria. SEAG Annual Conference. London, UK 09 Sep 2002

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